Brandon comes from an English surname, a locational name for any of several places called Brandon. The name is composed of Old English elements brōm (broom) and dūn (hill), essentially meaning “hill covered with broom”, likely in reference to a place covered with gorse or broom shrubs. However, the town of Brandon in Lincolnshire seems to have gotten its name from Old English brant (tall, high, steep) which seems to be in reference to the steep banks of a river nearby.
However, Brandon is also a French surname which in this case comes from Old French brandon meaning “firebrand”, referring to a piece of burning wood or other burning material; it can also be used to refer to someone who causes trouble, a troublemaker or agitator. It derives from Frankish *brand (fire, flame) as well as also being a poetic word for “sword”; via Proto-Germanic *brandaz (fire; firebrand; torch; sword) ultimately derived from a PIE root word.
In some cases, Brandon could also be used as an anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Breandáin meaning “son of Breandán”, the latter a variant of Irish name Brendan meaning “prince, king” via Proto-Celtic *brigantīnos, a diminutive of *brigantī (high, exalted) which derives from a PIE root word.
Meaning: a surname with a few possible origins: “broom hill” or essentially “hill covered with broom”; “steep hill”; a French surname “firebrand”; also an anglicized form of Gaelic surname Mac Breandáin “son of Breandán”, Breandán meaning “prince, king”
- Branden (English)
- Brendan (Irish, English, Breton)