Pollux is the twin brother of Castor in Greek mythology, one of the Dioscuri, regarded as the protectors of sailors and associated with St. Elmo‘s fire, worshipped by both the Ancient Greek and the Romans.
Pollux and Castor are the sons of the Spartan Queen Leda; Pollux is the son of her husband, Tyndareus, while Castor is the son of Zeus. When Castor and Polluxwere dying, Zeus offered Pollux immortality as a god but he would only accept if he could share it with his twin, although they had to alternate, one in heaven while the other was in the underworld. The constellation Gemini is associated with Castor and Pollux.
Pollux is the Latin form of Polydeukes which means “very sweet”, composed of Ancient Greek elements polys (very, many, much, greatly) and deukos (sweet).
- Polydeukes (Ancient Greek)
- Polydeuces (Latinized Ancient Greek)
- Pultuce (Etruscan)