Persia is the former name of Iran. The name originated in the fifth century BC by the Ancient Greeks, who gave it to the empire of Cyrus the Great, known as the Achaemenid Empire (also known as the First Persian Empire) based in Western Asia. The name is based on Old Persian Parsa derived from an unknown origin (though it was named after the tribe of people who lived there before eventually being ruled over by Cyrus the Great). It could possibly be derived from Arabic faris meaning “horseman, rider; knight” related to root word f-r-s ف ر س (related to preying); in Arabic, Faris is the Arabic name for Persia. It’s also been linked to Hebrew parás (to slice, to cut), which also happens to be the Hebrew word for Persia, but I don’t know how likely that is.
- Persis (Greek, Latin)