Barton is an English surname, a locational name for someone who originally came from a place called Barton. It’s made up of Old English elements bere (barley) and tūn (enclosure, settlement, town), both deriving from a PIE origin.
Barton is also a German, Czech, and Slovak surname, originally a pet-form of Bartolomaeus (Bartholomew), the Greek form of an Aramaic name meaning “son of Talmai” made up from Aramaic bar (son) and given name Talmai, the latter either a Hebrew name meaning “furrow”, either referring to a ploughman or someone who owned land; or it could be related to Ptolemy meaning “warlike, aggressive” which comes from Ancient Greek pólemos (war, battle) derived from a pre-Greek origin.
Origin: Proto-Indo-European; Aramaic, Hebrew, pre-Greek
Meaning: “barley settlement” or “barley enclosure” ; also means “son of Talmai”