Marian

Marian is probably a name many will associate with Maid Marian, a heroine in English folklore and the love interest of Robin Hood. Marian is an English female name, a variant of Marion, itself a medieval French diminutive of Marie, which ultimately derives from Hebrew Miriam,  a name of uncertain origin though several meanings have been ascribed to it such as “sea of bitterness”, “rebelliousness”, “obstinacy” or “wished for child” from a Hebrew root word. It’s also possible that it might have originated from an Egyptian name either meaning “beloved” from myr or “love” via mr.

It’s also possible that Marian could be considered as a combination of the names Mary and Ann (“favor, grace”)

Marian is also a Polish, Czech, and Romanian male given name, in this case derived from Marianus, a derivative of Marius, a Roman family name on uncertain etymology and meaning. It’s been linked to Mars, the Roman god of war, but also as a masculine form of Maria (the Latinate form of Miriam) or from Latin mare “sea”, maria being its plural form. It’s also been linked to Latin mas “man, male”, but ultimately Marius may have originated from a Sabine origin.

Marian is also a Romanian, English, and French surname originating from the given name.

Origin: uncertain

Meaning: a diminutive of Mary, meaning uncertain though various meanings attributed to it are “sea of bitterness”, “rebelliousness”, “obstinacy”, “wished for child”, “beloved” or “love”; a combination of Mary + Ann “favor, grace”; possibly from Latin “sea” or “man, manly”; may also be related to the Roman god of war, Mars

Usage: English (female only), Polish, Czech, Romanian, German (male)

Variants:

  • Marion (French, English)
  • Marianne (French, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish)
  • Marielle (French)
  • Mariette (French)
  • Marise (French)
  • Maryse (French)
  • Manon (French, Dutch)
  • Mariana (Ancient Roman, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Bulgarian)

Male forms:

  • Marián (Czech, Slovak, Hungarian)
  • Marion (English)
  • Marianus (Ancient Roman)
  • Marius (Ancient Roman, German, Romanian, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, French, Lithuanian, English)
  • Mariano (Italian, Spanish, Portuguese)
  • Mario (Italian, Spanish, German, Croatian)

Clarion

Clarion was the name of a medieval trumpet used in the Middle Ages that was loud and shrill. A clarion call is an idiom referring to a call to action. The word comes from Old French claron< Latin clario (trumpet)< Latin clārus meaning “clear, bright, shining; renowned, famous” derived from PIE *kelh₁- (to call, shout), which is the same root word as the name Claire derives from.

Clarion is also a French surname.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: name of a medieval trumpet that was loud and shrill

Usage: English

Hema

Hema हेमा is an Indian female name meaning “gold” or “golden” derived from Sanskrit.

Hemā is also the name of a male hero featuring in both Maori and Hawaiian mythology, although I couldn’t find any specific information behind the name.

Origin: Sanskrit

Meaning: “gold, golden”; also the name of a hero in Maori and Hawaiian mythology

Usage: Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Tamil, Kannada

Amit

Amit अमित is an Indian male name meaning “immeasurable, infinite, boundless” which derives from Sanskrit.

Amit עָמִית is also a Hebrew unisex name meaning “friend” or “colleague

Origin: Sanskrit; Hebrew

Meaning: “immeasurable, finite, boundless” in Sanskrit; “friend” or “colleague” in Hebrew

Usage: Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Odia, Punjabi, Malayalam, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Nepali, Hebrew

Pronunciation: ah-mitt (Forvo) in Hindi; ah-meet in Hebrew

Variants:

  • Ameet (Indian, Hindi)

Female forms:

  • Amita (Indian, Hindi, Nepali, Marathi)
  • Ameeta (Indian, Hindi)

Cleo

Cleo is an English unisex name which originated as a shortened form of names such as Cleopatra (an Ancient Greek female name meaning “glory of the father”) or Cleopas (a contracted form of Cleopatros, the masculine form of Cleopatra). It derives from the Ancient Greek element kleos κλέος (glory, fame).

Cleo could also have originated as a variant spelling of Clio which derives from the same source above; in Greek mythology, Clio is one of the nine Muses, the muse of history and heroic poetry.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “glory”

Usage: English

Female forms:

  • Clio (Latinized Ancient Greek)
  • Klio (Ancient Greek)
  • Clea (English, German, French)
  • Klea (English)
  • Clia (English)
  • Klia (English)

Male forms:

  • Cleon (Latinized Ancient Greek)
  • Kleon (Ancient Greek)

Presley

Presley comes from an English surname, a variant spelling of Priestley, a locational name for someone who came from any of several places called Priestley, meaning “priest clearing”, composed of Old English elements prēost (priest) and lēah (woodland; clearing)

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “priest clearing”

Usage: English

Variants:

  • Preslie (English)
  • Pressly (English)
  • Pressley (English)
  • Preslee (English)
  • Presleigh (English)
  • Priestley (English)

Hazel

Hazel is the name of a tree in the genus Corylus which bears the hazelnut tree. Hazel is also the name of a light-brown greenish color, often used to refer to eye color.

Hazel is also an English surname, a topographical name for someone who lived near a hazelnut tree; it could also have originated as a locational name for someone who came from Amy of several places called Heazile.

The origin of the name comes from Old English hæsl (hazel) < Proto-Germanic *haslaz which ultimately derives from a PIE origin.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “hazel” referring to both the tree and the color

Usage: English

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Variants:

  • Hazelle (English)
  • Hayzel (English)

Yuri

Yuri is a Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian male name, the Slavic form of George meaning “farmer, earthworker” made up of Ancient Greek elements ge (earth) which seems to derive from an unknown origin, likely pre-Greek in origin; and ergon (work), which ultimately desires from a PIE root word. Interestingly enough, I’ve found that Yuri is a somewhat popular male name in Brazil which I’m assuming comes from the Slavic name.

Yuri is also a Japanese female name. It means “lily” written with the kanji 百合 but has other meanings depending on the kanji used:

yu 

  • “cause, reason”
  • 友 “friend”
  • 有 “exist; have; possess”
  • “divine help”

ri

  • 梨 “pear”
  • “village”
  • “reason, logic”
  • “profit, benefit”
  • 莉 “jasmine”

There are other meanings depending on the kanji used. Written in hiragana it’s ゆり and in katakana it’s ユリ.

Yuri is also a Korean female name (also spelled Yu-ri and Yoo-ri) written in hangul as 유리 and has different meanings depending on the hanja used such as: 

유 (yu)

  • () “to approve”
  • () “childish; immature; young” 
  • (宥) “forgive”
  • (釉) “glaze”

리 (ri)

  • (利) “benefit, advantage”
  • () “pear” 

Yuri also means “glass” written with the hanja 琉璃. There are likely other meanings depending on the hanja used

 Origin: unknown; Proto-Indo-European; Japanese; Korean

Meaning: Russian and Ukrainian male name “farmer, earth-worker”; also a Japanese and Korean female name with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji and hanja used

Usage: Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Portuguese, Japanese, Korean 

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Female variants:

  • Yu-ri (Korean)
  • Yoo-ri (Korean)
  • You-ri (Korean)
  • Yuriko (Japanese)- with the ko suffix meaning “child”
  • Yurina (Japanese) with the na kanji
  • Yurika (Japanese)- with the ka kanji

Male forms:

  • Yuriy (Russian, Ukrainian)
  • Yury (Russian, Belarusian)
  • Iouri (Russian)

Cato

Cato is an Ancient Roman cognomen meaning “wise” in Latin <catus (clever, intelligent; cunning) <Proto-Italic *katos (clever, shrewd) which ultimately derives from a PIE root word meaning “to sharpen”. 

Cato is also a Dutch female name, originating as diminutive of Catharina, the Dutch and Swedish form of KatherineKatherine is the English form of Greek Aikaterine though the etymology behind the name is not certain. It could be derived from another Greek name, Hekaterine via hekateros meaning “each of the two” or from Hecatethe name of the Greek goddess of witchcraft, the underworld, and crossroads. Though her name is of uncertain meaning it’s often been associated with Greek hekas meaning “far away” so the name would essentially mean “one who works from afar” or “the far-reaching one”. It’s also been linked to Ancient Greek hekṓn meaning “will” or “willing”. It might also be derived from Greek aikia “torture”.

Katherine could also be from a Coptic name meaning “my consecration of your name”. The spelling of the name was later changed to be associated with Greek katharos “pure”.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European; uncertain

Meaning: an Ancient Roman cognomen “wise”; could also be derived from Katherinea name of uncertain etymology though possible “each of the two”, or derived from the name of Greek goddess Hecate “one who works from afar” or “the far-reaching one”; “will, willing”, “torture”; possibly from Coptic “my consecration of your name”, the spelling later changed to associate it with Greek katharos “pure”

Usage: Ancient Roman, Dutch, English

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Variants:

  • Kato (English)- also an Eastern African name with a different meaning/etymology as well as a Japanese surname

Leith

Leith comes from a Scottish surname, a locational name for someone who came from a place called Leith, a port area in Edinburgh, as well as the name of a river known as the Water of Leith. The meaning and origin of the name is uncertain. It may be derived from Proto-Brythonic *lleɨθ (damp, moist) via Proto-Celtic *lextos which ultimately derives from a PIE root word. 

It’s also possible that Leith is (or could be used) as a variant transcription of Laith ليث, an Arabic male name meaning “lion”.

Origin: uncertain, possibly from a Proto-Brythonic root word; Arabic

Meaning: uncertain though possibly “wet, damp, moist”; also from Arabic “lion”

Usage: English (rare, as a given name and could be considered a unisex name English), Arabic

Pronunciationleeth (Forvo); layth (Arabic)

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Variants:

  • Laith (Arabic)
  • Layth (Arabic)

Birch

Birch is the name of any of various trees in the genus Betula. It comes from English birċe, bierċe (birch) via Proto-Germanic *birkijǭ which ultimately derives from a PIE root word meaning “to shine”.

Birch is also a surname originating as a locational/topographical name for someone who lived near some birch trees.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “birch (tree)” 

Usage: English

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Tatum

Tatum comes from an English surname, a variant spelling of Tatham, originating as a locational name for someone who came from a place called Tatum. The second part of the name comes from Old English hām meaning “homestead, village, estate” while the first part is made up of Old English personal name Tata, itself of unknown meaning. It’s possible that it may be derived from Old Norse teitr (glad, cheerful, merry).

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning“Tata’s homestead”

Usage: English

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