Sven

Sven is a Scandinavian male name via Old Norse Sveinn, originally a byname meaning “boy, servant” via Proto-Germanic *swainaz (relative; kinsman; young man) which ultimately derives from a PIE origin.

Sven is also a Swedish word meaning “squire” or “page”.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “boy”

Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, German, Estonian

Variants:

  • Svein (Norwegian)
  • Svend (Danish)
  • Sveinn (Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic)
  • Soini (Finnish)

Female forms:

  • Svenja (German)

Martin

Martin is a shortened form of Ancient Roman Martinus, a derivative of Mars, the Roman god of war (and the Roman counterpart of the Greek god Ares). Mars is a name of uncertain etymology. It’s been linked to Latin mas meaning “man, male” of unknown origin though perhaps derived from a PIE root word meaning young man. However, it’s possible that Mars may be related to an older source, perhaps adopted from the Etruscan god Maris (the god of agriculture and fertility); this might be possible since Mars was also associated with agriculture and fertility.

Mars could also be a contracted form of an older name, Mavors, a cognate of Oscan Mamers. Etruscan seems to be a pre-Indo-European language of which very little is known about; the Etruscan civilization was conquered and than assimilated by the Ancient Romans, and the Etruscan language eventually died out with very little of it left behind. The origin of both names is unknown, but Mavors could possibly be related to Latin mah or margh (to cut) and vor (to turn) essentially meaning “turner of the battle”. Mars could also be derived from the same PIE root as Sanskrit marici “ray of light”, ultimately derived from PIE *mer- meaning “to die; to disappear”. It could also be associated with Latin marceo meaning “to (cause to) wither” and “to (make) shrivel” and Latin marcus meaning “hammer”, but the links are tenuous at best.

Martin is also the name of a type of bird related to the swallow- something about the bird migrating during the time of Martinmas (a festival celebrating St. Martin of Tours, a former Roman soldier who left and became the bishop of Tours). However, as an English surname it may have originated as a topographical name either meaning “settlement by the boundary” via Old English elements mǣre (boundary, border) and tūn (settlement) or “settlement by the lake” with the first element via Old English mere (sea, ocean; lake).

Origin: unknown, possibly Etruscan; Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: from Ancient Roman Martinus “belonging to Mars”, a name of uncertain origin and meaning though various possible meanings attributed to it are “man, male”, “turner of the battle”, perhaps from PIE root word *mer- (to die), or related to Latin marceo “to (cause to) wither” or “to (make) shrivel”, or Latin marcus “hammer”- though all of them are tenuous; Martin is also an English surname, a locational name “settlement by the boundary” or “settlement by the lake”

Usage: English, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Romanian, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Finnish, Spanish

Nicknames: Marty/Martie, Mart (Dutch), Tine (Slovene), Tinek (Slovene), Tin (Croatian), Matxin (Basque)

Variants:

  • Martinus (Ancient Roman, Dutch)
  • Maarten (Dutch)
  • Marten (Dutch)
  • Martijn (Dutch)
  • Merten (German)
  • Mårten (Swedish)
  • Morten (Danish, Norwegian)
  • Márton (Hungarian)
  • Martti (Finnish)
  • Mattin (Basque)
  • Martí (Catalan)
  • Máirtín (Irish)
  • Martino (Italian)
  • Martynas (Lithuanian)
  • Marcin (Polish)
  • Martim (Portuguese)
  • Martinho (Portuguese)
  • Martín (Spanish)
  • Martyn (Welsh, Ukrainian)

Female forms:

  • Martine (French, Dutch, Norwegian, English)
  • Martina (German, Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, English, Dutch, Swedish, Ancient Roman)
  • Martyna (Polish)

Linda

Linda is a female given name which originated as a short form of Germanic names containing Germanic element lind, linde meaning “soft, tender” via Proto-Germanic *linþaz (bendsome, flexible; pliable; weak, soft, mild) derived from a PIE root word. I’ve also seen lind, linde associated with the linden tree or, more poetically, “dragon, serpent, snake”.

Linda is also a Spanish and Portuguese word meaning “pretty, beautiful”, the feminine singular form of lindo which derives from an uncertain etymology. It seems to come from an Old Spanish word which has been linked to Latin legitimus (lawful, proper) and limpidus (clear, bright), but it’s not certain.

Linda could also be used as a nickname for names ending in -linda such as Belinda, Delinda, Celinda, Melindaetc.

In the Kalevipoeg (1861), an Estonian national epic poem written by Estonian writer Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald (based on Estonian mythology and various folk legends of Estonia) Linda is the mother of the hero Kalevipoeg; in this case her name comes from the Estonian word lind meaning “bird” via Proto-Finnic *lintu (bird) from Proto-Uralic *lunta (bird; goose).

Origin: Proto-Indo-European; Proto-Uralic; uncertain etymology

Meaning:  various depending on its usage- as an English name it comes from a shortened form of Germanic element lind, linde “soft, tender”, has also been associated with the lime/linden tree and, more poetically, “dragon, serpent, snake”; is also used as a nickname for names ending in -linda; also a Spanish and Portuguese word “pretty, beautiful”; also means “bird” in Estonian

Usage: English, German, Dutch, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, French, Latvian, Finnish, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Estonian

Nicknames: Lin, Lindy/Lindi/Lindie

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Variants

  • Lynda (English)
  • Lindy (English)
  • Lindi (English)
  • Lyndi (English)
  • Lindie (English)
  • Lind (English)
  • Linde (Dutch)
  • Linza (Ancient Germanic)