Björk

Björk is an Icelandic and Swedish female name meaning “birch tree” via Old Norse bjǫrk (birch) via Proto-Germanic *berkō which ultimately derives from a PIE origin.

Björk (also spelled Bjork) is also a Swedish and Norwegian surname, a locational name for someone who lived near some birch trees.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “birch tree”

Usage: Icelandic, Swedish

Pronunciation: b-yurk (Forvo)

Variants:

  • Bjørk (Norwegian, Danish, Faroese)
  • Bjork (anglicized spelling of the name)

Male forms:

  • Birkir (Icelandic)
  • Bjarki (Icelandic)

Björn

Björn is a Swedish and Icelandic male name meaning “bear” via Old Norse bjǫrn (bear) via Proto-Germanic *berô (bear) via a PIE root word.

Björn is also a Swedish surname originating from the given name.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “bear”

Usage: Swedish, Icelandic, German, Dutch)

Pronunciation: b-yorn; Forvo

Variants:

  • Bjoern (German)
  • Bjørn (Danish, Norwegian)
  • Bjǫrn (Old Norse, Ancient Scandinavian)
  • Bjarni (Icelandic, Faroese, Ancient Scandinavian)
  • Bjarne (Danish, Norwegian, Swedish)

Dagmar

Dagmar is a Scandinavian and German female name meaning “day maid” made up of Old Norse elements dagr (day) < Proto-Germanic *dagaz which derives from an uncertain etymology though it’s been linked to PIE root *dʰegʷʰ- (to burn); and mær (maid, girl; and, in a more poetic sense, daughter).

I’ve also seen Dagmar listed as being an Old Danish form of Slavic Dragomira, the feminine form of Dragomir meaning “dear, precious + peace; world”

Origin: Proto-Indo-European; Proto-Slavic

Meaning: “day maid”; could also have originated from Slavic Dragomira “dear, precious + peace; world”

Usage: Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic, German, Czech, Slovak

Variants:

  • Dagmær (Ancient Scandinavian, Old Norse)
  • Dagmara (Polish)
  • Dagna (Polish)
  • Dagnė (Lithuanian)

Emma

Emma originated as a short form of names beginning with Germanic element ermin meaning “whole” or “universal”, derived from a Proto-Germanic origin of unknown etymology.

Emma is also a surname originating from the given name.

Origin: Proto-Germanic, of unknown origin

Meaning: “whole, universal”

Usage: English, German, Italian, Spanish, Catalan, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Dutch, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic

Variants:

  • Ema (Spanish, Portuguese, Slovene, Slovak, Czech, Croatian)
  • Ima (Dutch, Ancient Germanic)
  • Irma (German, English, Dutch, Finnish, Spanish, Italian, Georgian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic)
  • Erma (English)
  • Emmalyn (English)
  • Emmalynne (English)
  • Emalyn (English)
  • Emmy (English)
  • Emmie (English)
  • Emmi (English, Finnish)

Male forms:

  • Emmett (English)
  • Emmott (English)
  • Emmet (English)