Viola

Viola comes from the Latin word viola meaning “violet (flower)”, related to Ancient Greek íon (violet) which seems to be derived from a pre-Indo-European Mediterranean source. In Italian, viola is the Italian word for violet.

Viola is also the name of a musical instrument though in this case the word comes from Italian viola< Old Occitan viola< Medieval Latin vitula (stringed instrument) which ultimately derives from a PIE root word.

Viola is the name of the heroine in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night (1601-02), the twin sister of Sebastian, who dresses up as a man and becomes entangled in a somewhat humorous love triangle that all works out in the end.

Viola is also the name of a genus of flowering plants that includes violets and pansies.

Viola is also an Italian and Catalan surname; in the case of the former it derives from the female given name; the latter is likely an occupational name for a viol player.

Origin: uncertain, perhaps from a Mediterranean source; Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “violet (flower”); also the name of a musical instrument as well as the color violet

Usage: Latin, Italian, English, Swedish, Danish, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak

Pronunciation: vye-o-lah or vee-o-lah.

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Variants:

  • Violet (English)
  • Violette (French)
  • Violetta (Italian, Russian)
  • Violeta (Bulgarian, Romanian, Spanish, Macedonian, Serbian, Lithuanian)
  • Wioletta (Polish)
  • Wioleta (Polish)
  • Wiola (Polish)
  • Viorela (Romanian)
  • Viorica (Romanian)

Male forms

  • Viorel (Romanian)

Gloria

Gloria is a female given name which comes from the Latin word glōria meaning “glory, renown, fame”, used in praise, exaltation, or great honor of someone or something by common consent. It’s background is of obscure/uncertain origin; it may be related to Old Latin *gnōria (knowledge, fame) via PIE root word *ǵneh₃- (to know).

Gloria is also used in a religious sense, the name of several Christian liturgical hymns in praise of God, so it also connotes a sense of “divine glory”.

Gloria is also a Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian surname which originated either a matronymic name or as an occupational name for a singer, in reference to the hymn Gloria in excelsis Deo (“Glory to God in the highest”).

Origin: uncertain, likely from a Proto-Indo-European source

Meaning: “glory, renown, praise, fame”

Usage: English, Latin, Italian, Spanish, German

Nicknames: Glory, Ria, Lori

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Variants:

  • Glória (Portuguese)
  • Glòria (Catalan)
  • Gloría (Icelandic)
  • Gloriana (an elaborated form of Gloria created by English poet Edmund Spenser in 1590 for his poem The Faerie Queen)
  • Gloriela (Spanish, Swedish)
  • Glorina (English)