Sahar سحر is an Arabic female name meaning “dawn” and is also a word in Arabic, Persian, and Urdu meaning “magic, charm, enchantment”, both of which derive from Arabic root word s-ḥ-r (س ح ر), related to catching. Spelled Shahar שחר, it’s a Hebrew unisex name also meaning “dawn”, and both names seem to be a cognate of Shahar, the god of dawn in Ugarit mythology, so it’s likely the name originates from a Proto-Semitic origin.
Sáhar סהר is also a Hebrew word meaning “crescent” in reference to the moon.
Origin: Proto-Semitic; Arabic, Hebrew
Meaning: “dawn” in both Arabic and Hebrew; in Arabic it also refers to “magic, charm, enchantment”; also a Hebrew word “crescent (moon)”
Solana is the name of several places found in Spain and in the U.S. The name comes from Spanish solana meaning “solarium, suntrap”, in reference to a place that is often sunny or allows plenty of sunlight. The word derives from Latin sōl meaning “sun” which ultimately derives from a PIE origin. It could also be derived from Solanus, which comes from the Latin referring to the east wind.
Solana is also a Spanish, Catalan, and Aragonese surname originating as a locational name for someone who came from a place called Solana.
Sonali (सोनाली) is an Indian female name, the strictly feminine form of Sonal meaning “gold” which derives from Sanskrit suvárṇa सुवर्ण (gold), composed of su-, a Sanskrit prefix meaning “good, well” combined with varna (hue, color), both of which derive from a PIE origin.
Sonia is a variant spelling of Sonya, a Russian diminutive of Sofiya, the Russian, Ukrainian, and Bulgarian form of Sophia which comes from Ancient Greek sophíaσοφῐ́ᾱ meaning “wisdom”, originally connoting the meaning of skill or cleverness, especially in regards to a craft or someone who was wise and learned; it derives from Ancient Greek sophos which originates from an unknown origin.
Sonia is also a popular Indian female name though in this case it seems to be derived from Sanskrit sonāसोना meaning “gold” via suvárna (meaning “gold” as a noun, and “gold, golden color; bright, brilliant hue; good color” as an adjective), which ultimately derives from a PIE origin.
Origin: unknown; Proto-Indo-European
Meaning: ultimately from Sophia meaning “wisdom”; is also an Indian female name meaning “gold”
Serena is a Late Roman given name, the feminine form of Serenuswhich derives from Latin serenus meaning “clear, tranquil, serene”, originally used to refer to clear, calm weather, and, figuratively, “cheerful, glad, joyous”. Though the origin of the word is uncertain it has been linked to PIE root word *ksero- (dry).
Serena is also an Italian and Catalan surname originating from the given name.
Serena could also be used as a Japanese female name (also spelled Serina) with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used:
seri 芹 “parsley” + rei 怜 “wise” + na 菜 “greens; vegetables” (芹怜菜);
sei 汐 “eventide; tide; salt water” + rei 玲 “wise” + na 菜 “greens; vegetables” (汐玲菜);
se 世 “world, society; generation” + rei 礼 “manners, etiquette; bow, salute” + na 奈 “Nara, what?” (世礼奈);
se 瀬 “rapids, current” + rei 令 “order, command, decree” + na 奈 “Nara, what?” (瀬令奈);
se 瀬 “rapids, current” + ren 恋 “attach; love; romance” + na 奈 “Nara, what?” (瀬恋奈)
Written in hiragana it’s せれな. Serena is also written as セレナ in katakana.
Origin: uncertain, possibly Proto-Indo-European; Japanese
Meaning: from a Late Roman name “clear, tranquil, calm”; as a Japanese name, it has a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used in Japanese
Usage: English, Late Roman, French, Spanish, Italian, Catalan