Pelagio is the Spanish and Italian form of Pelagius, the latinized form of Ancient Greek Pelagios meaning “of the sea” via Ancient Greek pelagos (sea) via an uncertain origin.

Origin: Ancient Greek via an uncertain etymology

Meaning: “of the sea”

Usage: Spanish, Italian


  • Pelagius (Latinized Ancient Greek)
  • Pelagios (Ancient Greek)
  • Pelayo (Spanish)

Female forms:

  • Pelagia (Ancient Greek, Greek, Spanish)
  • Pelageya (Russian)
  • Pelagiya (Russian)


Placido is the Italian and Spanish form of Late Latin Placidus meaning “quiet, calm, placid, gentle” (technically Plácido is the Spanish form of Placidus).

Placido is also an Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese surname originating from the given name.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “quiet, calm, placid, gentle”

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese


  • Placidus (Late Roman)
  • Plácido (Spanish, Portuguese)
  • Placide (French)
  • Placid (English)

Female forms:

  • Placida (Late Roman, Italian)
  • Plácida (Spanish, Portuguese)
  • Placide (French)
  • Placid (English)


Galla is an Ancient Roman cognomen, the feminine form of Gallus which has a few possible meanings depending on its etymology:

  • the most popular is that it comes from the Latin word gallus meaning “rooster, cock” which ultimately derives from a PIE root word;
  • Gallus was also used to refer to someone who came from Gaul (Gallia in Latin), a region which now comprises France, Belgium, and parts of Germany and Italy; the name derives from Proto-Germanic *walhaz (foreigner) which may have originated from Latin Volcae, the name of a Celtic tribe which may possibly be derived from Proto-Celtic *wolkos (hawk), a word of uncertain origin (the Welsh word gwalch “hawk” derives from this) though perhaps related to Latin falco (falcon). It’s also been linked to Proto-Celtic *ulkʷos (wolf), seemingly because the Volcae fought with huge dogs, but that doesn’t seem as likely;
  • Incidentally, a gallus is also a eunuch priest of the Phrygian goddess Cybele and may be derived from a Phrygian origin;
  • Galla was also the name given to the Oromo people, an ethnic group in Ethiopia and Kenya, a word that the Oromo people consider derogatory;
  • Galla is also a Latin word meaning “oak-apple” (also known as an oak gall), derived from an uncertain origin;
  • Galla is also a surname, originating from the given name Gallus or as a nickname; it’s also an Indian surname, a variant of Kalla which seems to derive from a Telugu source.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European; uncertain

Meaning: “rooster, cock”; originally referred to an inhabitant of Gaul “Gaul” or “Gallic”; also a Latin word “oak-apple”. Also the name of a eunuch priest dedicated to the goddess Cybele, as well as a derogatory word used to refer to the Oromo, an ethnic group in Ethiopia and Kenya

Usage: Ancient Roman, Spanish


  • Gala (Spanish)
  • Gal·la (Catalan)

Male forms:

  • Gallus (Ancient Roman)
  • Galo (Spanish)
  • Gallo (Italian)
  • Havel (Czech, Slovak)
  • Gál (Hungarian)
  • Gal (Slovene)
  • Gaweł (Polish)


Braulio is a Spanish and Galician male name whose most significant namesake was Braulio of Zaragoza who was a Bishop of Zaragoza who lived in the Kingdom of the Visigoths. The origin of the name is uncertain- it could have derived from Proto-Germanic *brandaz (fire; firebrand; sword).

It’s also possible that Braulio may be related to Spanish brillar “to shine, glow, to sparkle” via Italian brillare (to shine, sparkle) < Latin beryllus, berillus (beryl) < Ancient Greek berullos which ultimately seems to be derived from a Dravidian origin.

Origin: uncertain

Meaning: uncertain though it’s been linked to Proto-Germanic “fire; firebrand; sword” or “to shine”, “shining”

Usage: Spanish, Galician


  • Bráulio (Portuguese)


Eliana is a Hebrew female name meaning “my God has answered”.

Eliana is also the Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese form of French Éliane via Ancient Roman Aeliana, the feminine form of Aelius, a Roman family name of unknown meaning though it’s often been linked to Ancient Greek helios meaning “sun”.

It’s also possible that Eliana could be a variant spelling of Ileana, the Romanian form of Helena, the Latin form of Ancient Greek Helene. The origin of the name is unknown- it’s been linked to Ancient Greek helene meaning “torch”, likely in reference to something that shines or illuminates, so the name would essentially mean “the shining one” or “the bright one”; another possible origin is from Ancient Greek selene “moon”, which would tie it to the idea of illumination and light.

Origin: Hebrew; uncertain

Meaning: from Hebrew “my God has answered”; also the Latinate form of Ancient Roman Aeliana/Aelius, possibly “sun”; could also be from Ancient Greek helene “torch” or selene “moon”, essentially meaning “the shining one” or “the bright one”

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, English, Hebrew

Nicknames: Liana, Ellie/Elly, Lina, Nina


  • Elliana (English)
  • Eleana (English)
  • Eleanna (English)
  • Elleana (English
  • Aeliana (Ancient Roman)
  • Éliane (French)
  • Élian (Spanish, Portuguese)

Male forms:

  • Elian (English, Spanish)
  • Elián (Spanish, Portuguese)


Rocío is a Spanish female name (and word) meaning “dew”, which comes from the Marian title Marîa del Rocío (Mary of the dew) which ultimately derives from Latin rōs (dew) via a PIE root word.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “dew”

Usage: Spanish

Pronunciation: ro-thee-o (European Spanish); ro-see-o (Latin American Spanish


  • Rocio (anglicized spelling of Rocío)


Berengaria is the Latinized feminine form of Berengar, an Ancient Germanic name made up of Proto-Germanic berô (bear) and Proto-Germanic *gaizaz (spear), both of which derive from a PIE source.

Berengaria seems to have been a popular name among Spanish royalty, the name of several queen consorts and daughters of Castilian kings and queens.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “bear + spear”

Usage: Spanish, Italian


  • Bérengère (French)

Male forms:

  • Bérenger (French)
  • Berengar (Ancient Germanic)
  • Berenguer (Catalan)
  • Berengario (Italian)
  • Berengier (Occitan)
  • Berenguier (Occitan)


Desideria is the feminine form of Desiderio, the Italian and Spanish form of Late Latin Desiderius meaning “longing, desire” via desidero (to desire, want, wish for) which seems to have originated from the phrase de sidere (‘from the stars’ or ‘of the stars’), made up of Latin prefix de- (of, from) and sidus(star, constellation).

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “desire, longing”

Usage: Italian, Spanish, Late Roman


  • Désirée (French)
  • Desiree (French, English)
  • Desirae (English)
  • Deziree (English)
  • Desirée (German, Swedish)
  • Desiderata (Late Roman)
  • Desidéria (Portuguese)
  • Desire (English)

Male forms:

  • Désiré (French)
  • Desire (French, English)
  • Desideratus (Late Roman)
  • Desiderio (Spanish, Italian)
  • Desidério (Portuguese)
  • Didier (French)
  • Dezső (Hungarian)


Brisa is a Spanish, Portuguese, Galician, and Catalan word meaning “breeze”, referring to a light gentle wind. The word comes via Old Spanish briza, itself of uncertain origin.

Brisa could also have originated as a shortened form of Briseida, the Medieval English form of Ancient Greek Briseis,a patronymic meaning “daughter of Briseus” because her father’s name was Briseus. The name itself is of uncertain meaning though it could be related to Greek britho meaning “to be weighed down (with something) and “to prevail”.

Origin: uncertain

Meaning: from a Spanish and Portuguese word “breeze”; could also have originated as a shortened form of Briseida, uncertain though it’s been linked to Greek britho “to be weighed down (with something)” or “to prevail”

Usage: Spanish


Solana is the name of several places found in Spain and in the U.S. The name comes from Spanish solana meaning “solarium, suntrap”, in reference to a place that is often sunny or allows plenty of sunlight. The word derives from Latin sōl meaning “sun” which ultimately derives from a PIE origin. It could also be derived from Solanus, which comes from the Latin referring to the east wind.

Solana is also a Spanish, Catalan, and Aragonese surname originating as a locational name for someone who came from a place called Solana.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Meaning: “solarium, suntrap” and “sun”

Usage: Spanish, English

Male forms:

  • Solano (Spanish)
  • Solanus (Latin)


Carlos is the Spanish and Portuguese form of Charles, which comes from Germanic Karl meaning “man” via Proto-Germanic *karilaz (free man, itself of uncertain etymology. It was originally used to refer to men who were not thralls or or servants but who still lived at the bottom of society, connoting the idea of a “free man”, someone not tied down to a lord or to the land.

Carlos is also a surname originating from the given name.

Origin: Proto-Germanic

Meaning: “free man”

Usage: Spanish, Portuguese



  • Charles (English, French)
  • Charlot (French)
  • Carolus (Latin)
  • Karolos (Greek)
  • Karl (German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Finnish, Ancient Germanic)
  • Carl (German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English)
  • Carles (Catalan)
  • Karlo (Croatian)
  • Carlo (Italian)
  • Karel (Dutch, Czech, Slovene)
  • Karol (Polish, Slovak, Slovene)
  • Kaarle (Finnish)
  • Kaarlo (Finnish)
  • Kale (Hawaiian)
  • Károly (Hungarian)
  • Séarlas (Irish)
  • Sjarel (Limburgish)
  • Karolis (Lithuanian)
  • Carol (Romanian)
  • Siarl (Welsh)
  • Xarles (Basque)

Female forms:

  • Carla (Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Italian, German, Dutch, English)
  • Karla (German, Swedish Norwegian, Danish, Croatian)
  • Charlotte (French, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch)
  • Charlotta (Swedish)
  • Charlene (English)
  • Charline (English)
  • Charlena (English)
  • Carlotta (Italian)
  • Carlota (Spanish, Portuguese)
  • Carline (English, French, Dutch, German)
  • Caroline (English, French, German, Swedish Norwegian, Danish, Dutch)
  • Carolina (Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, English Swedish)
  • Carly (English)